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In China, only "Mode 1" Oldowan assemblages were produced, while in Indonesia stone tools from this age are unknown.
By 1.8 mya early Homo was present in Europe, as shown by the discovery of fossil remains and Oldowan tools in Dmanisi, Georgia.
Abbevillian is a currently obsolescent name for a tool tradition that is increasingly coming to be called Oldowan.
The label Abbevillian prevailed until the Leakey family discovered older (yet similar) artifacts at Olduvai Gorge (a.k.a.
Use of bone tools by hominins also producing Oldowan tools is known from Swartkrans, where a bone shaft with a polished point was discovered in Member (layer) I, dated 1.8–1.5 mya. It is unifacial if the edge was created by flaking on one face of the core, or bifacial if on two.
Both choppers and large flakes were probably used for this purpose.Nuts and bones are cracked by hitting them with hammer stones on a stone used as an anvil.Battered and pitted stones testify to this possible use.The system included choppers, scrapers, and pounders.However, more recent classifications of Oldowan assemblages have been made that focus primarily on manufacture due to the problematic nature of assuming use from stone artefacts.
Once a branch was separated, it could be scraped clean with a scraper, or hollowed with pointed tools.