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Dead sea scroll dating

Several well-preserved documents were recovered from Cave 11, including a large scroll with canonical, apocryphal, and unknown psalms.There was also a copy of Leviticus (dated to the 3rd century 12 Minor Prophets that is virtually identical with the traditional biblical text.A similar manuscript was found in Cave 4 at Qumrān.The discoveries at the various sites include a wide variety of texts, but the greatest interest remains with the sectarian writings, which can be classified as follows: (1) rules, or manuals, like the , describing the dualistic doctrine, constitution, and regulations of the “Union,” as the community owning the scrolls at Qumrān called itself; and the War Scroll, which tells how the “children of light” finally conquer the “children of darkness”; (2) interpretations of biblical texts, such as commentaries on Isaiah, Habakkuk, Nahum, or Psalms; or groupings of texts by topic, such as the Florilegium or the Melchizedek Fragments—all of these typically relate scriptural passages to the sect and its times; (3) liturgical texts, including the , which express a powerful anthropology of human depravity redeemed through divine grace; (4) collections of laws, frequently dealing with cultic purity, such as the Halakhic Letter, the Damascus Document, and the Temple Scroll; and (5) ethical tracts (e.g., several sapient works, and the ).Dead Sea Scrolls, ancient, mostly Hebrew, manuscripts (of leather, papyrus, and copper) first found in 1947 on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea.Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls is among the more important finds in the history of modern archaeology.Most of the longer, more complete scrolls were published soon after their discovery.The majority of the scrolls, however, consists of tiny, brittle fragments, which were published at a pace considered by many to be excessively slow.

Later diggings produced additional letters of Bar Kokhba and a large body of Nabataean, Aramaic, and Greek documents.

Later that month officials at the Huntington Library in San Marino, California, announced that they would allow researchers unrestricted access to the library’s complete set of photographs of the scrolls.

With their monopoly broken, the official scholars of the Israel Antiquities Authority agreed to lift their long-standing restrictions on the use of the scrolls.

Later (especially from the 1950s to the mid-1960s) finds in neighbouring areas were similarly designated.

A great number and variety of manuscripts were discovered at Qumrān.

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They also cultivated a communal life of extreme ritual purity, necessitated by their rejection of the Temple cult.