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The size and weigh of this issues seems to vary somewhat. These tend to be crudely cast, often with casting holes in the fields, and attractive specimens are scarce and command a premium. Obverse: CHIH-CHENG T'UNG-PAO" in orthodox Chinese script. Obverse: "CHIH-CHENG T'UNG-PAO" in orthodox Chinese script. SHEN is short for PING SHEN indicating this coin was struck in AD 1356. Average (2 specimen) 35.5 mm, 11.55 (range 9.85 to 12.24 grams)F .00 VF 0.00 S-1111. Obverse: ""CHIH-CHENG T'UNG-PAO" in orthodox Chinese script. Reverse: the denomination indicator as the Mongol square script word for "10" above the hole, and the Chinese number "10" with a dot above it, below the hole. The casting on this particular coin is rather crude with only partially finished rims. His coins of this period bare the inscription TA-CHUNG T'UNG-PAO but TA-CHUNG is not actually a reign title.
These are said to have been first cast in the third year of Chih-Ta (AD 1310). Reverse: The number "3" written in Mongolian script above the hole, and in chinese numbers below the hole. Obverse: ""CHIH-CHENG T'UNG-PAO" in orthodox Chinese script. Chu Yuan-Chang (later to become Emperor Tai Tsu, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (see below)) was one of the Yuan Rebels fighting each other to see who would take control of China at the eventual fall of the Yuan Dynasty. We do not have a record of a price for this type at this time.
We hope to one day look into the events that may have prompted them to take such a move.
Schjoth (page 41) notes a record of the Liang Dynasty Emperor Mo, using the reign title Lung-te, issuing large numbers of coins during this period, which are likely what circulated in the Liao region for what little need the Liao people had of coins at that time. We note that all Liao coins previous to this reign title were caste with "T'UNG-PAO", and all Liao coins afterwards with "Y'UNG PAO". The presence of a dot or nail mark on the reverse, or a star hole on a coin of this type is probably intentional, as similar star holes are very common on Northern Sung coins of this same period. The the brass has a very distintive light-brown tone to it.
The two different Schjoth numbers are for narrow (1093) and wide (1094) rims, with the wide rim variation being the scarcer. In 1368 he controled enough of China to Declare himself as Emperor T'ai Tsu of the Ming Dynasty, at which time he adopted the reign title Hung-Wu.
The coin of this period are rare, and we do not have one yet available to image. In 1364, after defeating Ch'en Yu-liang of Han (another of the Yuan Rebels), and gaining control over a much larger part of China, Chu Yuan-chang declared himself the Prince Wu and adopted the reign title of Ta-ming but rather than putting the Ta-ming title on the coins he continued casting the Ta-Chung types, but now from a number of mints. These coins tend to be of inferior quality to the later coinage of Ming.
We assume this is the same as saying a Mint was established there. These coins tend to be poorly cast, and we apologize for the image of a very worn specimen, bu it is the best specimen we have been able to image.
From this time on, the coinage of Liao becomes much more abundant.
We have provided this link to an image of a typical specimen illustrating these chop marks. He assumed the reign title Yung-Ch'ang and declared himself emperor, upon which Chuang Lieh, the last Ming emperor, committed suicide. Chu Yu-Sung, as Prince of Fu, was the grand son of Shen Tsung (the Ming Emperor Wan Li). In 1659 he was defeated by the Manchu (Ching Dynasty) army and when to Burma. The Ching moved against them, but the rebellion was successful until the death of Wu San-kuei in 1678. The size and weight of this issue varies considerably, and we have seen them from 23.0 to 26.2 mm, and 3.0 to 5.0 grams. In high grades, these coins will show heavy original parallel files marks. Schjoth's #1341 is similar but had the reverse characters at the top and bottom. This come in two sizes, with the smaller size average (4 coin) 40.16 mm, 14.17 grams, and the larger average (2 coins) 44.5 mm, 17.40 grams. The one coin of this type we have had was 40.03 mm, 40.16 mm, 22.35 grams. As the grandson (or possibly the son) of Wu San-kuei, Wu Shih-fan continued the revolt started by his father. When K'ang Hsi attempted to take away their land in AD 1674, he joined with the other Feudal lords in rebellion. It is more likely that he was using the same mint names in his capital of Ch'eng-tu.